|Fundamentals of Genetics (Paper Code: 17010204)|
Definition and terminology used in genetics; ultra structure of cells, Mendelian inheritance, exceptions to the Mendel’s laws; gene interaction; multiple alleles pleiotropism, penetrance and expressivity
Multiple factor Inheritance & Multiple alleles, cytoplasmic inheritance and its differences from chromosomal inheritance.
Mutation: Types and methods to induce them, Linkage and its types, Crossing over- type, mechanism and significance cytological proof, Nucleus acids- structure functions type of DNA and RNA.
Mutation and its characteristic features; methods of inducing mutations and C l B technique; linkage, types of linkage and estimation of linkage; crossing over and factors affecting it; mechanism of crossing over and cytological proof of crossing over; DNA and it’s structure, function, types, modes of replication and repair; RNA and its structure, function and types.
Transcription, Translation, Genetic code, Chromosomal aberration- structural and numerical; gene expression and differential gene activation; lac operon and fine structure of gene
Numerical chromosomal aberrations (polyploidy) and evolution of different crop species like cotton, wheat, tobacco, triticale and brassica; structural chromosomal aberrations.
|Desirable to Know|
|Law of population equilibrium quantitative & qualitative traits.||1||Nice to Know|
Preparation of micro slides and identification of various stages of mitosis;
preparation of micro slides and identification of various stages of meiosis;
monohybrid ratio and its modifications; dihybrid ratio and its modifications; trihybrid ratio;
chi-square analysis and interaction of factors; epistatic factors, supplementary factors and duplicate factors; complementary factors, additive factors and inhibitory factors; linkage – two point test cross; linkage – three point test cross; Hardy Wein Berg law of population equilibrium
- Phundan Singh 1995Elements of genetics Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana
- Strickberger, M.W. 1996. Genetics (3rd edn.). Mac Millan Publishing Co., New Delhi
- Winchester A M 1967 Genetics (3 rd edn )Oxford and IBH Publishing Co New Delhi
- Prasad, G. 1989 Introduction to Cytogenetics Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana
- Gupta P K 2007 Cytogenetics Rastogi Publishers, Meerut
- Swanson, C.P., Merz, T. and Young, J.1975 Cytogenetics Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi