A seminar was organized on the occasion of International Seed Day on 26.04.2022 by Dr. Khushboo Chandra Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, SGT University on topic ‘Prospects of Hybrid Seed Production in India’. The main speaker was Prof. (Dr.) I.S. Yadav, Prof. of Genetics & Plant Breeding, FASC, SGTU (Ex. Prof. & Head, CCSHAU, Hisar). The theme of International Seed Day 2022 is “Seed is life of Farmers”. There were 91 participants including Undergraduates, Postgraduates, PhD scholars and Faculty members.
Prof. (Dr.) I.S.Yadav during the session pointed out that for farmers reuse of seeds are prohibited so to oppose this concept every year we started celebrating International Seed Day. Earlier people also used to exchange seed materials instead of purchasing it from market. Today everyone is health conscious so they stated consuming organic produce. He also cited one scene related to Smt. Indira Gandhi and Director general Dr. M.S. Swaminathan in 1960s which leads to green revolution. India is best suited for cultivation of each and every crop due to diversified agro climatic zones and soil properties. In India private seed companies were more flourishing as compared to public sector seed companies. He also quoted that in India production of seed is cheapest due to maximum availability of low cost labors.. If quality of seed is improved then ultimately this will increase production and productivity even under environmental stressed condition. He explained various technical terms relation to Seed Production Technology, different classes of seeds and production of Hybrids.
Prof. I.S. Yadav cited one example in wheat, where variety C-306 is best suited for chapatti making and if this variety is exposed to maximum irrigation and fertilizer application results in lodging of crop. In India, there are 15 State Seed Corporation and 2 National Seed Corporation. He explained about different categories of seed producing companies like Monsanto, Mahyco. Prof. Yadav concluded the session by discussing constraints in varietal and hybrid seed production, lack of promotion of public seed companies as well as production technology.