|19||Protected Cultivation of Horticultural Crops (Paper Code: 17010719)|
Introduction, history, definition, world scenario, greenhouse effect, uses of greenhouse, status and scope of greenhouse technology in India, choice of crops for cultivation under greenhouse, problems/constraints of greenhouse cultivation and future strategies; planning and designing for greenhouses: site selection, greenhouse orientation, plant, layout, greenhouse utilities– water, electricity, etc.; types of greenhouse: classification based on the shape, material, utility and covering material; considerations for greenhouse establishment; design load calculations;
materials for construction of greenhouse: fabrication of frame, covering/cladding of frame and environmental control system.
Management of greenhouse: temperature, light, relative humidity, ventilation, carbon dioxide, irrigation, nutrition, pests and diseases; methods of greenhouse cooling and ventilation – natural and forced ventilation; roof shading, lathe shades and evaporative cooling with fan and pad system, high/low pressure misting and fog cooling system, maintenance of greenhouse equipments, heating, heat distribution and conservation practices; carbon dioxide solid and carbon dioxide; light control in greenhouse– shading and selection of light source.
Growing media: soil culture, type of soil required, drainage, flooding and leaching, soil pasteurization, organic matter, pH control, pre-crop (base) fertilizer application and cultivation in peat moss and mixtures, rock wool and other inert media, nutrient film technique (NFT)/hydroponics.
Detailed production technology of vegetables: tomato, capsicum, lettuce and cucumber; cut flowers: rose, chrysanthemum, carnation, gerbera and anthurium; major diseases and insect pests and their management in greenhouse crops; marketing of greenhouse crops.
|Desirable to know|
|Nice to know|
Study of various types of greenhouse/poly house
their suitability for different crops, various framework materials used in the greenhouse construction
cladding materials used for covering the greenhouse, equipments used in the greenhouses, growing media used in raising of greenhouse crops and their preparation and pasteurization/sterilization
testing suitability of soil and water for growing crops in greenhouse; light, humidity and temperature management in greenhouse
calculation of nutrient requirement for different crops; fertigation requirements for greenhouse crops
working and requirement for reducing the water pH; estimation of E.C. in the fertigation solution
|practicing training and pruning
||8||Desirable to know|
Protected Cultivation of Horticultural Crops (Paper Code: 17010719)
- Protected Cultivation of Horticultural Crops (Paper Code: 17010719)